- Macro-traumatic injuries are usually due to a strong force – such as a fall, accident, collision or laceration – and are more common in contact sports such as football and rugby.
- These injuries can be primary (due to direct tissue damage) or secondary (due to transmission of forces or release of inflammatory mediators and other cytokines).
- Micro-traumatic injuries are chronic injuries that result from overuse of a structure such as a muscle, joint, ligament, or tendon. This type of injury is more common in sports such as swimming, cycling and rowing.
- The process of Sports rehabilitation should start as early as possible after an injury and form a continuum with other therapeutic interventions. It can also start before or immediately after surgery when an injury requires a surgical intervention.
Treatment Plan FOR Sports Rehabilitation
The rehabilitation plan must take into account the fact that the objective of the patient (the athlete) is to return to the same activity and environment in which the injury occurred. Functional capacity after rehabilitation should be the same, if not better, than before injury.
The ultimate goal of the rehabilitation process is to limit the extent of the injury, reduce or reverse the impairment and functional loss, and prevent, correct or eliminate altogether the disability.
Physical Therapist Part
A physical therapist is a healthcare professional with extensive training in the musculoskeletal system.
The therapist can work closely with athletes to assess muscle imbalance, range of motion and functional requirements of that particular sport.
For example, a baseball pitcher may need a shoulder stabilization program and a basketball player may need a speed and plyometric (explosive strength) training program. The physical therapist can evaluate, identify, and plan a sport-specific injury rehabilitation program.
The main goal OF Sports Rehabilitation is to return an injured player to training or competition without putting the individual or others at undue risk of injury or re-injury.
Physical therapists are the professional capable of using a safe; evidence based and educated approach to this challenge.
This sports rehabilitation process is criteria driven (not time driven).
You must achieve certain levels of physical ability, criteria, before you can progress through the stages.
You will be treated according to the various Phase of the injury process you are in at the time of coming to clinic and your rehabilitation process will begin there.